-- George Washington is sworn in as the first President of the United States. In the 1st Congress, the liberal Federalists outnumber the conservative Republicans in both the House and the Senate, though there is a sizable number of Independents in both chambers.
-- The citizens are optimistic about their new Constitution, but uncertain of the future. The Seminole uprising has many Southerners concerned, but few in the North see it as a personal threat.
-- American merchants are optimistic, but frustrated with the failure of the Bank Act.
"Together, united under one banner and not 13, we will find strength, liberty, and justice. We will build this house from the ground up, and it will be stronger than the sum of its parts. Will you join me in making these United States not only free, but strong?" -- Congressman Albert Hannover (F-MA) (Editorial in the Boston Gazette)
"We must band together, around our shared republican values, around our new government and around the personage of President Washington." -- Speaker Pro Tempore of the House of Representatives Gordon Hughes (F-NH) (In response to the conspiracy to assassinate Washington)
"Virginia should be ruled by Virginians, now and for always." -- Representative Cameron Corey (R-VA) (Debate of HB 1.004: Bill of Rights Amendment of 1789)
"Just as the destruction of a forest allows for the growing of crops and grains, the destruction of the Seminoles would allow for the sowing of better men." -- Col. William Charles Bathurst (NH Militia) (Editorial in The New England Blue Star)
Player Of the Year
As he does in nearly every round, Terrus sets the standard for a successful newspaper in CIL. He does it again with the New York Daily Times, earning back the money he spent to create the newspaper in a single year. For his portrayal of Matthew Swaim, our player of the year for 1789 is terrus.
-- The conspiracy by Samuel Jay to assassinate the President dominates the headlines in the United States and Britain for many months. After trying to return to the United States, Jay is arrested and thrown into prison as the federal judiciary is being set up. In the coming years, his trial is sure to test the new courts.
-- The Seminole campaign continues as militia units from around the country are called to service in the south. At the battle of Suwanee Village, Colonel William Charles Bathurst of New Hampshire made headlines by raiding and burning a sizable native village. Bathurst was criticized for his actions by some papers.
-- The 1790 election sent 21 Federalists, 23 Republicans, 10 National Democrats, and 13 Independents to the 2nd Congress.
Mood of the Nation
-- Many citizens share President Washington's concerns about the ferocity of the political debates between the 3 parties, but the situation is seen by some as unavoidable.
"Every other nation on Earth has a central financial authority such as a national bank. You cannot exist without one." -- Congressman Andrew Beaumont's (F-SC) (Debate of HB 1.026 National Bank System Act of 1790)
"Democracy, it is important to state, is not the same thing as mob rule. In fact, democratic Athens had far more political stability and order than Republican Rome, and never entered into a state of tyranny through domestic machinations in the way that Rome did." -- Speaker Pro Tempore of the House of Representatives Gordon Hughes (F-NH) (Editorial in The New England Blue Star)
"Peace in Pennsylvania! Sovereignty for Pennsylvania! Prosperity for Pennsylvania!" -- Title of an election editorial by Congressman Elijah Surratt (R-VA) in the Pennsylvania Gazette
"We did not a fight a war for northern independence or southern independence. We fought for independence for all colonies. We did not have a constitutional convention for a few states, we had a constitutional convention for all the states to be united as one nation." -- Congressman Thaddeus Steward (F-MD) (Election editorial in the Connecticut Courant)
Player Of the Year
The player of the year for 1790 is Gordon Battle Hughes. He earns this award for his portrayal of three characters, each of which earned recognition this year. Hughes was essentially the first Speaker of the House, created a successful third party, and received an invitation to join the cabinet of President George Washington. Bathurst has had success in the Seminole campaign. Finally, Raines is the successful editor of the New England Blue Star.