President Washington appoints Vice President Adams as the first Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court. The stakes of the 1790 Election increase as the 2nd Congress will choose the next Vice President.
Jacob Jay, the eldest son of the disgraced former Congressman Samuel Jay, has been found dead outside Paris, France. French officials rule the death as an accident during military training. He was 30 years old.
In the North Carolina 5th District, the Congressman *John Sevier (R) has been reelected against +William Barry Grove (F).
Sevier: 57.64% Grove: 42.36%
While the Federalists made up some ground, they were hampered by a lack of access to some degree as they were forced to campaign through a right-leaning paper. Their lack of an opportunity to issue a newspaper endorsement in the race was somewhat mitigated by no SCJ endorsement in the race.
This race was the hardest fought in the country by far, and several candidates were either hurt or benefited by the two largest national political parties. Findley (R) saw his support fall by almost half as a result of an organized attack campaign, but he was still elected. Conversely, Peter Muhlenberg (R) had his support more than double, but he was still unable to break into the top 8. Though the polls changed dramatically on the individual level, the standings really did not change all that much. The margin of victory nearly decreased (the #1 spot dropped from 24% in prepolls to just 17% in results). This is likely the result of such a large state still choosing their Congressional delegation in an at-large election and begs the question of whether the state leaders will change it for 1792.
The Congressional election for the single seat from Delaware had the potential to be quite exciting, but soon fizzled out as the race was virtually ignored by the national political parties. As such, the prepolls have not changed.
((OOC: I'll just post the rest of these in one post since I don't see anyone else still online.))
A rider approaches from Maryland
Maryland also shows us the tremendous power of campaign events, as William Vans Murray goes from 7th place to a commanding 1st. The former frontrunner, William Pinkney drops all the way to 6th and the NDP is left out of the top 6. Three independent incumbents are voted out of office.
The standings change little despite unopposed campaigning. This shows that to get the most out of editorials, narrow them to a single candidate. Covering a lot of candidates and a lot of races may have a broader impact, but the editorial has a limited effect for each candidate mentioned.
The first cotton mill in the United States has begun operation in Pawtucket, Rhode Island. The mill, with water-powered machinery for spinning, roving, and carding cotton, is operated by Samuel Slater, an English immigrant who emigrated to Rhode Island in defiance of British law. The designs of the mill were based off English industrialist Richard Arkwright, whom Samuel apprenticed for.
Federalist Party (F) -- 11 Republican Party (R) -- 5 National Democracy Party (ND) -- 4 Independents (I) -- 8
NDP shows that it has national aspirations as it makes further moves out of the Northeast with a win in Delaware over the Federalist incumbent.
Senator Schuyler (F-NY) fights off a tough Republican challenger to barely win reelection.
This sets up an interesting scenario with a Republican/NDP majority coalition in the House and a sizable Federalist plurality in the Senate. The 2nd Congress is shaping up to be more difficult than the 1st for each party.
King Louis XVI of France, his wife Marie Antoinette, and their immediate family have attempted unsuccessfully to escape from Paris in order to initiate a counter-revolution at the head of loyal troops under royalist officers concentrated at Montmédy near the frontier. Their escape only led them as far as the small town of Varennes, where they were arrested after having been recognized at their previous stop in Sainte-Menehould.
On August 21, 1791, the slaves of Saint Domingue rose in revolt and plunged the colony into civil war. The signal to begin the revolt was given by Dutty Boukman, a high priest of vodou and leader of the Maroon slaves, during a religious ceremony at Bois Caïman on the night of 14 August. Within the next ten days, slaves had taken control of the entire Northern Province in an unprecedented slave revolt. Whites kept control of only a few isolated, fortified camps. The slaves sought revenge on their masters through "pillage, rape, torture, mutilation, and death". Because the plantation owners had long feared such a revolt, they were well armed and prepared to defend themselves. Nonetheless, within weeks, the number of slaves who joined the revolt reached some 100,000. Within the next two months, as the violence escalated, the slaves killed 4,000 whites and burned or destroyed 180 sugar plantations and hundreds of coffee and indigo plantations.
August 20, 1790 -- Battle Fort Mountain American commander Colonel William Charles Bathurst led the New Hampshire Forces as it came under attack by a large Creek army at Stone Mountain in Georgia. During the battle it was discovered that the actual numbers of the enemy as well as their level of armament had been overestimated and the Americans easily withstood the attack.
March 16, 1791 -- Battle of Ocmulgee Town Emboldened by their victory the previous year, the New Hampshire Forces were joined by Colonel Thomas Garrett of the North Carolina and Virginia brigades to assault the major Creek trading village called Ocmulgee Town by the British. Though the Creeks and their allies (including portions of the Seminole and Choctaw armies in the first post) put up a good fight, the Americans overcame with superior firepower and leadership. Towards the end of the battle, the Americans suffered a slight setback as Colonel Bathurst was slain by an enemy arrow when he strayed too close to the front lines. Though the town escaped the fate of Suwanee Village, it was nonetheless completely abandoned within a decade.
Summer 1791 -- Campaign conclusion After having seen the Creeks soundly defeated, most natives stand down and return home.